Projects

Interference #7
Tellef Kvifte, Markus Tullberg, Kerstin Frödin, Åsa Unander-Scharin, Katt Hernandez, Nguyen Thanh Thuy, Stefan Östersjö, Halla Steinunn Stefánsdóttir, Zoi Efstathiou & Egil Kalman, Catherine Laws, Yann Coppier, Francisca Skoogh , Kent Olofsson, Juliana Hodkinson, Scenatet
20 November 2018 - 25 November 2018
Interference #7 which is organized by the Malmö Academy of Music is a laboratory for artistic research. The aim of Interference #7 is to create a discourse within music research, drawn from performative and material perspectives on musical creativity. The atmosphere is that of sharing and joint exploration.
TRANSISTOR 6: The City and The City
Halla Steinunn Stefánsdóttir, Liv Kaastrup Vesterskov, Hedvig Jalhed, Mattias Rylander, Jörgen Dahlqvist, Kent Olofsson, Agnes Wästfelt, Jona Elfsdahl, Etta Säfve, Ulf Rönnerstrand, Carl Gustavsson, Elvira Haller, Lise Kroner, Mario Ochoa, Malene Begtrup Andersen, Stefan Östersjö, Jonatan Sersam, Alessandro Perini, Francesco Del Nero, Francisca Skoogh
8 November 2018 - 25 November 2018
Transistor 6 is a month-long festival for contemporary performing arts featuring interdisciplinary work from different artists, institutions and collectives. Transistor explores the format of the festival through performances, talks, screenings, exhibitions and concerts.
Inkonst Music Residency with Kate NV & Sasha Kulak
Kate NV, Sasha Kulak
25 November 2018 - 2 December 2018
Inkonst and IAC have invited Kate NV & Sasha Kulak to join the international residency for contemporary music, sound art and experimental club culture. The residency aims to create opportunities for professional artists and groups to work and develop in a high-quality, active and exciting cross-artistic environment with a clear link between research and artistic work.
Neuronal Landscapes
Varvara Guljajeva, Mar Canet
26 November 2018 - 30 November 2018
How would you see through the eyes of an artificial intelligence? Probably in the future we won’t need our eyes to perceive the world any longer, the machine will do it instead of us. ‘Neural Landscapes’ takes the viewer to a natural and urban landscapes of Estonia which seems like a fairy tale or an illusion in a way machines dream about it.
Who is speaking / Make Sound Residency
Yann Coppier, Signe Allerup, Morten Riis Sørensen, Johan Kølkjær, Michael Breiner, Possible participation: Kitt Johnson
5 November 2018 - 7 December 2018
Yann Coppier aims to create a topology of sounds linked to dramaturgy and based on observation and imagination through practice-based investigation. Making extensive use of the ‘absurd’ as a way of pinpointing the new potential of sounds, it will help to develop innovation through meaning as a replacement for innovation through technology only.
Returning the Ear
Tim Shaw, Jacek Smolicki
26 November 2018 - 2 December 2018
‘Returning the Ear’ is an on-going collaboration between Tim Shaw and Jacek Smolicki. It is a particular method for attending to, archiving and mediating space through an array of sonic interventions and on-site experiments. If traditionally the experience and documentation of place has been performed through visual or textual means, the approach of the artists attempts to bring attention to practices of listening and audio-recording.
Vem Kan Bli Producent
Sabina Husberg Götlind , Matilda Årestad , Julia Giertz, Julia Öjbrandt, Lotta Fahlen
3 October 2018 - 17 October 2018
The project "Vem Kan Bli Producent" is centered around creating a community for women and transgender people of all genders involved or interested in sound tech and music production. This includes creating a national and international network, doing workshops, seminars, meet-ups and each year to have a longer educational program for active music producers. The idea is to make knowledge more accessible and to create and nurture a platform where people can find each other, share ideas and collaborate.
WE (working title) / Inkonst residency
Janne Schäfer, Kristine Agergaard
8 October 2018 - 12 October 2018
The visual artist duo J&K has been invited by IAC and Inkonst to develop their first piece for stage. The work is positioned on the threshold between fine and performing arts and will both be a performative installation and a visual play. J&K will experiment with combining and juxtaposing fragments, ritual elements and immersive participation as well as staged abstract material installations into a durational multimedia piece.
Marmorsånger
Madeleine Jonsson Gille, Anna Jakobsson, Hanna Junti
18 October 2018 - 27 October 2018
“Marmorsånger” is a collaboration between vocal performer and composer Madeleine Jonsson Gille and writer and stage director Anna Jakobsson. In their project, they will stop fighting the clichés associated with images of women in classical/operatic music and literature, and instead approach these with tenderness and curiosity. The aim is to design a live-art concept, which could be further developed both as a show/concert experience and as an ongoing research enquiry.
ShareMusic Residency (not public)
ShareMusic & Performing Arts, The Composition Class at Malmö Academy of Music, Lund Contemporary
15 October 2018 - 18 October 2018
ShareMusic’s work contributes to the digital development that allows more inclusive ensembles and people to actively participate in artistic processes as co-creators. The residency comprises different workshops, where students from the Malmö Academy of Music, studying composition and arranging, work together with ShareMusic’s Elefantöra ensemble and musicians from Gageego! – ensemble for contemporary music. A range of interfaces will be explored and used, while working with digital technology and traditional instruments. The residency offers the ideal space and environment to further work towards the long-term goal to establish more people with different abilities becoming artists, being able to compose and/or perform music.
Join the Circle
Viktor Landström
1 October 2018 - 14 October 2018
“Join the Circle” is a sound and video project exploring different types of social circles: Drum circles, focus groups, family dinners, AA meetings, organized gang stalking and magic rituals. The circle carries the promise of unity and equality, but it can just as well be an arena for terror and oppression. Viktor works with a cut-up technique where found text, sound and video is mixed and merged into new narratives.

Athroa
Zoe Efstathiou, Egil Kalman
27 October 2018 - 4 November 2018
"Athroa" is a composition that combines an improvised electroacoustic performance with an interactive light installation. In this composition, space, rather than time, is the basis of formal organisation, and the experience of the music will be embodied in the process of navigating through space and observing objects from different vantage points. The music is in counterpoint with a light installation which interacts with the sounds and musical textures in non-obvious (non-rhythmical) ways.
Interference #6
Halla Steinunn Stefánsdóttir, Nguyễn Thanh Thủy, Katt Hernandez, Kent Olofsson, Jakob Riis, Mike Sheridan, Jacob Remin, Sergey Filatov
16 September 2018 - 18 September 2018
Interference #6 – organized by the Malmö Academy of Music – is a laboratory for artistic research with the aim to create a discourse within music research, drawn from performative and material perspectives on musical creativity. Interference #6 invites a wider audience to take part when artists share works in progress, installations, performances, and engage in critical discussion.
Sequential Spaces
Mike Sheridan, Jakob Riis
31 August 2018 - 16 September 2018
The project “Sequential Spaces” evolves around an interaction of the unique glass instrument Cristal Baschet, digital electronics and spatial sound. The two composers Mike Sheridan and Jakob Riis will create new music together in an investigation of the instrument Cristal Baschet in combination with electronic analysis and sound processing developed especially for this project. With its origins in the french 'musique concrète' it feels like a natural step to investigate the possibilities of this instrument in an expanded electronic setting.
Enveloping
Christian Rønn
17 September 2018 - 28 September 2018
“Enveloping” is the working-title of a performance-idea that has developed slowly over some years working within the field of free improvisation, electronics/electroacoustic and fixed composition. Part of this experiment is to envelope the whole room, including the audience, in one big controlled feedback-loop, working with grand piano, mics, speakers and electronics.
OPEN END
Diethild Meier, Sara Pons
27 August 2018 - 1 September 2018
'Open End' is an alchemical experiment designed to transform time into matter. Conscious of the impossibility of their attempt, Diethild Meier and Sara Pons choreograph a space in which time extends and compresses, passes, begins and ends, begins and ends again and again, pulsates and vibrates…
Potential for 1000 recorders
Niels Lyhne Løkkegaard
21 August 2018 - 29 August 2018
"Potential for 1000 recorders" is a sound installation that operates within a potential state without any physical sound. The potential state of the installation will allow the listener to create their own imaginary soundscape by using their inner ear, being different for.
Performative Sound Sculptures
Jacob Remin, Sergey Filatov
20 August 2018 - 16 September 2018
The world is in flux: Old power structures are shifting, extreme positions are rising and national interest are infiltrating international collaborations. Jacob Remin (DK) and Sergey Filatov (RU) are interested in exploring the field between media and physical objects, where media starts eating and manipulating what was once thought solid. Through custom built field recording techniques, they will explore the sounds produced by wireless internet signals and the circuitry of media infrastructures.
Mother of Pearl
Barbara Amalie Skovmand Thomsen, Marie-Louise Andersson
20 August 2018 - 29 September 2018
In the concert performance 'Mother of Pearl' Barbara and Marie-Louise are transformed into abstractions of oysters stemming from a surreal world under water in a depth where the boundaries between humans and other living organisms dissolve. By setting metal plates into motion, the plates function as musical instruments. A rhythmic interference occurs, as a result of playing rhythmic polyrhythms together.
SAAR Summer Academy
Susanna Helke, Geir Strøm, Stefan Östersjö, Michaela Bränn
12 August 2018 - 19 August 2018
Welcome to SAAR 2018, the Nordic Summer Academy for artistic research at the Inter Arts Center, a resource for interdisciplinary artistic research at the Faculty of Fine and Performing arts at Lund University! SAAR brings artist-researchers (PhD candidates, Doctoral candidates or research fellows in artistic research) in a wide range of art forms together from Norway, Finland and Sweden.
IASPIS residents
Els Woldhek, Georgi Manissiev
21 August 2018 - 7 October 2018
ODD MATTER is a Dutch-Bulgarian design studio driven by curiosity for all the strange and wonderful. Researching, probing, creating and exploring our world’s past, present and future through it’s materials, processes and concept. Els Woldhek & Georgi Manissiev believe that by working with existing processes and notions, researching these from a different more naive perspective a different kind of products can be created. Unique and specific to the place they originate from.
Pharmakon
Oona Libens
18 June 2018 - 28 June 2018
During her residency Oona Libens will work on a new performance about the human body. She has done research on how the body has been described throughout history in both the medical as the political domain, at the same time reflecting on how it is perceived in our society today. The result will be a captivating phantasmagoria where a semi-scientific narrative is illustrated live on stage using analogue light and shadow effects.
Scandlight 2018
The Association of Swedish Lighting designers (SLF), OISTATs lnternational lighting design group, & others
4 June 2018 - 6 June 2018
Scandlight is a Scandinavian meeting place for professionals in the light design area. The theme of Scandlight 2018 is “The Art of Light”. The conference focuses on the creative and artistic process of lighting design, the lighting as an artform and the new interactive opportunities. The program will include a mix of seminars and workshops.
WALKING BACKWARDS
Julie Poitras Santos
28 May 2018 - 4 June 2018
Julie Poitras Santos is interested in the physical work and human scale of the traditional craft of rope making and how working with the body is a form of memory making. The work takes the form of a video that braids together imagery from performers walking in the ropewalk and in the surrounding rural landscape of southern Sweden, hands that are making rope, along with other imagery gathered from the coastal region.
IN THE MAKING
Marion von Osten
18 May 2018 - 31 May 2018
A new research archive and announcements board will make diverse research projects publicly accessible. The two inserts aim to initiate cross-disciplinary exchange between researchers on site. Additionally a researchers platform is installed at the IAC café in one of its former dead corners. The platform creates a site with multifunctional display furniture to share and exchange research findings and materials between doctoral students, fellows, artists and the public.
BREATH
Kirstine Lindemann, Lasse Munk
22 May 2018 - 31 May 2018
An interdisciplinary research on the BREATH as a means of communication and music making for one performer and live electronics. The starting point has been the conceptual meeting point of the breath as both a movement, sound and a channel to connect. Working with an 8-channel set the artists explore how they can work with the breath as a sound source involving the audience.
SOUND SPACES
Ars Nova, Hertzbreakerz, Kent Olofsson, Jonny Axelsson, Hanna Hartman, Caroline Profanter
18 May 2018 - 10 June 2018
Music colonizing locations in Malmö, creating an intimate relationship between sound and the space in which it exists. Concerts with Ars Nova, Carlo Siega, Hanna Hartman, Caroline Profanter, Jonny Axelsson and Nicola Giannini! The light installation "Sweep" will be visible during the festival.
lost, lost property
Akiko Diegel
30 April 2018 - 11 May 2018
“Lost, lost property” is the act of collecting information from lost property on the street, and from photographs of such lost property. Akiko Diegel creates the missing half in order to create a whole. Ironically, the original property may have eventually been picked up by its proprietor and, if it is so, the new creation of the missing half will then never meet its other half and therefore in itself becomes lost property – an almost contradictory allegory of the act of collecting.
Par terre
Mariella Ottosson , Armando Molin (wrestler), Alexander Bica (wrestler), Maja Qvarnström (assistant), Aya Urhammer (assistant)
19 June 2018 - 21 June 2018
As part of the video work “Par Terre”, Mariella Ottosson will be filming two young wrestlers, performing a variety of exercises, especially focusing on the grips and techniques applied to sense the others movement, and to dominate ultimately the others body. The artist and the wrestlers will work out together a “set” or choreography, but also improvising and taking into account the wrestling “characters” by working with their expressions and roles towards the viewer.
Acousmatic Lab #2
Ess Beck, Sten-Olof Hellström, David Granström, Kent Olofsson, Katt Hernandez, Jens Hedman, Eva Sidén, Komponist utb MHM
26 March 2018 - 29 April 2018
During April there will be a period of research and development on spatial sound in the Red Room where an acousmonium with 24 loudspeakers will be set up. Artists that will work with the Acousmonium during this period are amongst others Ess Beck, Sten-Olof Hellström, David Granström, Kent Olofsson and Katt Hernandez. The period will end with several concerts at the Intonal festival.
Transistor 5
Lovisa Perman, Emilia Bongilaj, Annelie Horáková Eriksson, Jörgen Dahlqvist, Kent Olofsson, Linda Ritzén, Rafael Pettersson, Johan Chandorkar, Henrietta Hultén
4 April 2018 - 29 April 2018
Transistor 5 is a month-long festival for contemporary performing arts featuring interdisciplinary work from different artists, institutions and collectives such as Teatr Weimar, Ung Scen Öst, 11th House Collective, Perman, Bongilaj & Horakova Eriksson, Christina Ouzounidis & Kim Hedås, AKT1 (DK) et al.
Intonal Festival
Stephen McEvoy, Jørgen Teller, Lisa Nyberg, Julia Giertz, Sidén Hedman Duo , David Granström , Ann Rosén, Sten-Olof Hellström, FST 100 years
26 April 2018 - 29 April 2018
During the Intonal Festival the IAC presents a series of acousmatic concerts in the Red room, followed by talks in the Café as well as sound and video installations that you can experience all the days through.
Social Setup
Johan Lundin
2 April 2018 - 15 April 2018
Social Setup is a story in Virtual Reality and a choreographed performance in a glossy scenographic installation. Through the use of a HTC-Vive headset you are invited to walk around in a virtual room. The story and the music of the work are interpreted from" La Traviata" by Giuseppe Verdi.
Creativities transcending boundaries
Anna Houmann, Eva Saether
19 March 2018 - 23 March 2018
The project aims at mapping out current research in creativity, within music and broader aspects and to develop concrete suggestion on how creativity can be used as an overall perspective in music teacher education at Malmö Academy of Music. During the week different aspects of artistic leadership are processed, the art of hosting and harvesting, participatory methods and creativities as a concept and phenomena in macro and micro moments in music education.
Your action is required / Make Sound Residency
Ess Beck
10 March 2018 - 18 March 2018
Ess Beck's conceptual residency is a reworking and new chapter in a self-investigation into method and praxis, based on her performance piece "24-hour woman". With her residency, Ess Beck suspends questions on how contemporary politics influence artistic production, as well as the general public's perception of the legitimacy and value of artistic production. This exploration is placed in the context of the process of creating continuous sonic output, as an attempt to understand process and how we value it in society.
Ballongarkivet – expected to stay?
Annelie Nilsson
5 March 2018 - 8 April 2018
A few hectares of farmland in a newly built district in Malmö arouse attraction by “The Balloon Archive”. Almost the whole mother soil of the district has been removed, except the farmland that has been reserved for a future large-scale experience park. There is a huge number of documents related to the field which is not visible on the spot.
Kinaesthetic Audio
Tim Bishop
5 March 2018 - 9 March 2018
This course is aimed at providing students with practical knowledge of techniques and technology to produce high-quality sound for various contexts, from immersive sound installation to sound for video. The course will provide an introduction to the aesthetic possibilities of working with sound through various recording, editing and playback techniques.
Breaking Free – VR project
Malene Begtrup , 11th House Collective
21 February 2018 - 24 February 2018
BREAKING FREE is an exclusive virtual reality experience with live music developed at IAC. The experience is a one-on-one performance where the spectator will be taken on a journey accompanied by well-known songs played by Lise Kroner, Jack Menkedick and Hannes Bennich. Break free, let go and let yourself be carried away.
Letters to my mother. Cartas a mi madre
Helena Fernandez-Cavada
21 February 2018 - 18 April 2018
“What was forbidden in Spain during the dictatorship?". “Living. And thinking”. These words are the starting point of an epistolary conversation between the artist and her mother brimming with confessions about their intimacy and daily life over different ages. After ten years of living abroad, this exchange is an attempt to grasp the various narratives that conditioned the artist’s upbringing, in a country where Catholic religion and Francoism were the official doctrine. This experimental correspondence collects a total of nine letters whose strokes and marks draw unexpected relations.
Twenty Ongoing Tones
Stephen McEvoy
31 January 2018 - 8 February 2018
“Twenty Ongoing Tones” is an audio-visual project based on resynthesized tinnitus sounds. Twenty volunteers described their tinnitus in detail, along with details about how it began, and how it makes them feel now. Using these interviews as a reference, the tinnitus sounds of each person were recreated, and the results of this recreation presented as a sequence of tones, each a brief window into the internal sound world of another person.
I Object
Gry Tingskog, Emma Strandsäter, Tuuli Vahtola, Oda Brekke, Maia Means
5 February 2018 - 4 March 2018
“I Object!” is a post-disciplinary study of the object-subject dualism in art and society. It studies the condition of the exhausted body, to which young women are the biggest risk group. Further, it studies the woman body as an exhausted object in art. As a verb, ‘object’ connotes a positioning, a resistance and a protest.
Wu Xing: Earth
Jens Hedman, and Eva Sidén
2 February 2018 - 7 February 2018
Sidén Hedman duo was founded in 2010. They are one of the most interesting ensembles in the artistic field of creating and performing new music in Sweden. The audiovisual concert installation is the third in a series of 5 works on the theme “Wu Xing - The Five Elements” in Chines philosophy. The starting point is sound and video recorded during a WAAW residence in Saint Louis, Senegal, during February 2017. The project blends traditional Senegalese music and dance with Western contemporary music. Color, shape, rhythm and motion are key building blocks.
Sounding Expanded Affinities
Andrea Ray
20 January 2018 - 16 February 2018
Sounding Expanded Affinities includes three installations, a body of creative writing, and a theoretical text. The project develops and tests the polytemporal method to surpass the limitations of the everyday, using the registers of the personal, political, and theoretical together.
Idoru
Myriam Bleau , Felix Gourd
4 January 2018 - 14 January 2018
The Idoru project questions the meaning and physical location of music performance by collaborating with a virtual avatar that will become a subversive electronic pop star. During the residency at IAC, the artist will work on the music production and narrative development as well as finding strategies to communicate and exchange material with the remote collaborators. The multi-platform-performance brings forward concerns and reflections about current identity politics, drifting slowly towards a disquieting homogenization of dialogue.
Interference # 5
Henrik Frisk, Anders Elberling, Bennett Hogg, Elisabeth Belgrano, Sven Åberg, Klas Nevrin, Dan Alkenäs, Per-Anders Nilsson, Eveliina Sumelius-Lindblom, Halla Steinunn Stefánsdóttir, Katt Hernandez, Francisca Skoogh, Kent Olofsson, Karin Johansson, Nguyen Thanh Thuy, Stefan Östersjö
16 January 2018 - 18 January 2018
Interference #5 is a peer-reviewed and curated event in which the aim is to create a discourse within music research, drawn from performative and material perspectives on musical creativity. The atmosphere is that of sharing and joint exploration. Interference #5 invites a wider audience to take part when artists share works in progress, installations, performances, and engage in critical discussion.
Karkhana residency
Michael Zerang, Sam Shalabi, Mazen Kerbaj, Maurice Louca, Sharif Sehnaoui, Umut Çağlar, Tony Elieh, Sarah El Miniawy
8 January 2018 - 14 January 2018
Featuring some of the most innovative players from Beirut, Cairo and Istanbul, Karkhana brings together influences from the three major experimental music scenes of the region and beyond. Through their live shows, the band’s seven multi-instrumentalists build a transcendental atmosphere full of surprises for the audience and themselves alike, developing what could possibly be called free Middle Eastern music. Shades and traces of shaabi, tarab, sufi and much more...
Contact Improvisation Cavalcade
Elin Waileth, Emelie Bardon
4 January 2018 - 7 January 2018
Together with the multi-instrumentalist and composer Andrea Ek Frisk, Waileth & Bardon will investigate contact improvisation and music with different focus each day of this 4 days cavalcade. Their work takes its starting point in issues regarding body, gender, anti-racism, hierarchies, and normativity criticism as well as the wish to create a safe space for professionals as well as amateurs to experiment with movement and sound.
Arrival Cities: Hanoi
Jörgen Dahlqvist, Kent Olofsson, The Six Tones, Ensemble Reconsil, Roland Freisitzer
26 November 2017 - 4 December 2017
“Arrival Cities: Hanoi” is a piece of music theatre with documentary film. It seeks a new format for politically informed theatre which is responsive to the challenges of a globalized society. “Arrival Cities: Hanoi” weaves many individual stories together in an exploration of the dissolution of the relationship with tradition that urbanization brings. On December 8, the latest version of the piece, with a chamber ensemble of 9 instruments added to the score, is performed at Turbulenzen – Festival for Contemporary Intercultural Music, Berlin.
DUST – Pilot Episode: Encountering the Hyperobject
Christina Berg Johansen, Eduardo Abrantes
5 December 2017 - 10 December 2017
How can we humans of the Anthropocene learn to understand the interdependence of our and other life forms and bio-/geological systems across deep time and space? Encountering the Hyperobject is a sound composition/radio podcast series that connects social science, artistic research, sound art, and ecologies through the geo-philosophical concept of hyperobjects; The project tries to attune its audiences to vital hyperobjects via a sonic language that mixes narrative, field-recordings, ambience, dialogue, music and interviews.
The Disappearance And Return Of A Beloved
Henrik Lund Jørgensen, Jakob Riis, Emeli Ek
11 December 2017 - 7 January 2018
"The Disappearance And Return Of A Beloved" is a mixture of documentary, installation and musical approach to geräusch*. The starting point is documentary filming material displayed in a performative situation. The idea is to work alternatively with the form of the documentary and its elements by presenting the film in a way that allows the sounds and the soundscape to be created and applied to the images through a live performance.
A Shrinking Emptiness
Anders Hultqvist, Ole Lutzow-Holm, Jakob Riis, Stefan Östersjö
23 November 2017 - 25 November 2017
Arts and artistic research extract new knowledge by increasing entropy, and thereby increase the number of possible conclusions, while traditional research generally strives to reduce the entropy value to as close to zero as possible. Art, and perhaps also the related artistic research, is rather an open-ended process whose impulse is to continue - creating (affective) uncertainties.
Artists in residency
Hassan Khan, Uriel Barthelemi, Andre Vida
24 November 2017 - 8 December 2017
Three musical mavericks on stage together for the first time. Internationally renowned for their very distinct instrumental voices, they intimately connect electronic and acoustic music and make genres shake their booties. They have been known to discover genealogies in the simple turn of a key. From Mr. Barthelemi’s tortured drums & electronics soundscapes and Mr. Khan’s balance between chaos and order to Mr. Vida’s complex harmonic architecture, saxophone journeys and funny man blasts this might just be the power trio you have been waiting for.
Love at Last Sight
Ana Pavlovic, Vladimir Tomic
17 November 2017 - 3 December 2017
What is the life of the body once it is disconnected and displaced from everything the mind knew to be normal? How does one, coming to another country and starting from scratch, negotiate a new persona in a new country and language, once the innocence of assuming that the life one thought one knew as real and permanent disintegrates?
New Make Sound residents
Ragnhild May (DK), Stefan Maier (CA)
29 October 2017 - 22 December 2017
For the upcoming Make Sound residency Ragnhild May and Stefan Maier will compose and record new material for a forthcoming release. This record will be the first attempt at documenting their conception of architectural compositions. Using loudspeakers variably distributed throughout buildings so as to literally instrumentalize space, such compositions do not rely upon the illusion of auditory space (as in normal diffusion practice) but instead use "actual" space as the site of composition.
Performing Encryption with Motion Capture and Virtual Reality
Ruth Gibson, Bruno Martelli
9 October 2017 - 14 October 2017
In this short residency artists Ruth Gibson and Bruno Martelli from London (http://gibsonmartelli.com/) are invited into the Black Box Studio of the Inter Arts Centre in central Malmö (http://www.iac.lu.se/) to join Susan Kozel (http://livingarchives.mah.se) in exploring the potential for performing encryption
[Post]-[Digital]-[Archives]
Jacek Smolicki , Olle Essvik, Tim Shaw, Malin Pettersson Öberg, Nikita Mazurov, Jenny Soep, Ronda Bautista, Lucy N
7 September 2017 - 20 September 2017
Let's say the digital revolution is over. The enthusiasm that ushered in this revolution has since become counter-balanced, if not submerged, by skepticism and disenchantment. And what we are faced with are ubiquitous surveillance, impoverishment of aesthetic experiences and trivialization of social life, the results of an -- at once deep and shallow – immersion in the digital and network media. The way we access, record and archive our presence in the world has also been affected. In this post-digital situation, we all engage in some forms of archiving, whether we want to – or not. When interacting with our devices, we archive and are being archived, held captive by a densely woven net of technologies. How can this condition be approached creatively?

The event takes the form of a temporary zone for the exploration of hybrid modes of personal archiving. In a loose and impromptu manner, the event presents on-going work of several practitioners who, in a poetic, humble, renegade, creative and subversive way combine digital and non-digital techniques to record, erase, archive, unarchive, remediate or demediate selected facets of everyday life in the present moment.

The work will be accessible to the public on the evening of Wednesday, September 13th, however individual visits and meetings can be scheduled directly with Jacek Smolicki any time between Thursday, September 14th and Monday, September 18th.
Transistor 4 – A festival for contemporary performing arts
Teatr Weimar, PotatoPotato, Ättestupa, wecollective, Bombina Bombast, TheHouseandTheRegulators, Malmö Dockteater, DonnaDonna, Memory Wax, Inkonst, Malin Morgan, Carina Ehrenholm & Björn Lindberg
12 October 2017 - 19 November 2017
Transistor 4 is the fourth month-long performing arts festival in two years. The previous festivals have emphasized the experiment and have often presented works in the midst of the process. This festival presents more finished works. The theme of Transistor 4 is ”Critical Perspective as a Practice”. The festival is focusing on the difference artists' approach at looking and shaping the world in their work. What we are interested to investigate at this festival is to see whose stories are told, why, for who and in what way? The festival may not answer these questions, but may help us to think deeper and longer about art and the world.
The Audio Paper
Sanne Krogh Groth, Ludwig Berger, Florian Fischer, Anders Hultqvist, Stefan Östersjö, Katt Hernandez, Jörgen Dahlqvist, Kent Olofsson, Halla Steinunn Stefansdottir, Kevin Logan
11 October 2017 - 11 October 2017
On October 11, the department for musicology and the program for artistic research in music present a seminar on presentation formats for research in music with focus on the novel academic practice of the audio paper. Citing a manifesto from seismograf.org, this practice can be summarized thus: "Audio papers resemble the regular essay or the academic text in that they deal with a certain topic of interest, but presented in the form of an audio production. The audio paper is an extension of the written paper through its specific use of media, a sonic awareness of aesthetics and materiality, and creative approach towards communication.
Malmö Gallerinatt 2017
Kevin Malcolm, Henning Lundkvist, Ana Rebordão, Halla Steinunn Stefánsdóttir, Nguyễn Thanh Thủy, Sreejata Roy, Sara Wilén
30 September 2017 - 30 September 2017
Welcome to the 20th anniversary of the Gallerinatt in Malmö with a open house at the Inter Arts Center.

Free admission.

Exhibitions, installations, live performances, talks with Kevin Malcolm, Henning Lundkvist, Sara Wilén, Sreejata Roy, Ana Rebordão, Halla Steinunn Stefánsdóttir and Nguyễn Thanh Thủy
Who now, somewhere, upside down
Kevin Malcolm
30 September 2017 - 15 October 2017
This solo exhibition by Kevin Malcolm presents works from an ongoing artistic research project initiated in 2014. Its starting point is the Musée Guimet in Paris and the collection of Asian art amassed by industrialist and traveller Émile Étienne Guimet whose fortune was made in the production of a synthetic ultramarine pigment essential as a whitening agent. This project asks questions of European identity and the role of the artist as collector and exhibitor of images and objects.
Det tredje örat/The Third Ear
PhD students and senior researchers from the programs in artistic research in music and in music education
19 September 2017 - 21 September 2017
This event borrows the format from the ongoing Interference series. The third ear therefore, is both a festival and symposium. The third ear is concerned with encounters between art and science where dialogues of the unfinished work, the art in the making, is central.
CALL FOR VISITORS: Performances
Myriam Lefkowitz, Heman Chong, Marie Andersson, Jean Philippe Derail, Julie Laporte, Marc Meszaros, Amine Olsson, Celine Orman , Axel Berger, Adrian Kautsky
6 September 2017 - 24 September 2017
We are looking for participants for the performances by Myriam Lefkowitz and Heman Chong! The performances are part of the exhibition "On the Thresholds of Knowledge" which runs from 6. September to 24. September 2017 at the Kungshuset in Lund.

To book your performance, sign up at kungshuset2017@gmail.com choosing the subject „walk“ OR "poem" and the day and time you’d like.

Click to expand and read more!
On the Thresholds of Knowledge
Magnus Thierfelder, Christian Skjødt, Emilija Škarnulytė, Raqs Media Collective, Alessandro Perini, Henning Lundkvist, Myriam Lefkowitz, Hassan Khan, Nicoline van Harskamp, Elena Damiani, Heman Chong, Christian Bang Jensen, Meriç Algün
6 September 2017 - 24 September 2017
The point of departure for this exhibition was Kungshuset, the King’s House, one of Lund’s oldest buildings and the home of the university during several centuries. With works by international and local artists the exhibition has reflected on the notion of knowledge: What is knowledge? How and where is it produced and used? And who is it for?
An Evening with Astad
Astad Deboo, Rani Nair
1 June 2017 - 30 June 2017
“An Evening with Astad” deals with ideas of dance history and archive between two continents. As dramaturg Kate Elswit puts it: "The (Rani/Astad) duet is a biographical dance. But it is not just the biography of one of the two performers, Astad Deboo, as narrated in dialogue with the other Rani Nair; it is also a biography of contemporary Indian dance.

The rehearsal process works through a combination of interview, movement, and reflection, to excavate and curate a series of possible scenarios, and the ultimate selection that is shared differs from night to night. What happens onstage is an intimate look at a spectacular performance artist—“I’ll let you in on a trade secret,” Astad promises—that at the same time offers glimpses of a much largerscale history that has yet to be written.” The research is part of Rani Nair’s residency at MARC and the performance will premiere in August in Kivik.
BLAST FROM THE PAST
Cecilia Sterner, Hans Appelqvist
29 May 2017 - 19 June 2017
BLAST FROM THE PAST - a three step film and sound rocket

These works explore our loss of memory and inability to get the big picture. And the humor and sometimes sadness of it all. It plays on the fact that humans have not been around that long compared to some other species and natural phenomena, the speed of forgetting and remaking of mistakes. How sweet memories can reoccur as only memories - long gone reality.
Unsettling – a guided meditation to the sea
Julia Giertz, Lisa Nyberg
15 May 2017 - 29 June 2017
Giertz and Nyberg come together for a work that deals with unsettling and de-centering by the means of meditation. A voice guides the listener through an awareness exercise, where one's body is soaked into the sea, and the rhythm of one's body is disrupted by a call from the deep. There is an element of ”soft cohesion”, a persuasiveness of the voice, guiding the listener to dispossess the current reality, falling into another rhythm, to be possessed and unsettled. In the process there is also space for negotiation and resistance.
Lågan vs Nålsögat
Hans Carlsson
1 May 2017 - 29 October 2017
The video installation Lågan vs. Nålsögat: A Sequel takes as its point of departure two films: Lågan from 1973 by Sandell Film AB, and Nålsögat from 1975 by Jan Troell. The two films depict everyday life at the ship building company Kockums in Malmö from fundamentally different angels, and can be said to highlight two conflicting perspectives in how to reach social justice and better living conditions for people present in the political debate in Sweden and many other countries during the 20th century: one claiming that social progress has to be pursued within the realm of work, and the other that the realm of production will never make any real progress toward humanitarian emancipation possible.
Konvergens
Annika Nyman, Fabio Monni, Liv Kaastrup Vesterskov, Rafael Pettersson, Agnes Wästfelt
18 May 2017 - 16 September 2017
Konvergens is a sound piece in which meeting, crash, convergence, relocation and negotiation are in focus.In a broken chamber game for two actors, one soprano and one electro-acoustic musician, we ask what meetings - wanted and unwanted - carries. What is identity and what happens when one party is prepared to renegotiate its identity "too much"? Where are the boundaries of the territory and is it possible to let someone step in and renegotiate the rules within one own’s borders? What responsibility for the meeting may be required of man? May conflict and difficulty be allowed to be inside this meeting or must the meeting be painless? Is it even possible to talk about the meeting without an experience of violence through definition and generalization?
Vietnamese words and music
Luong Hue Trinh , Katt Hernandez, Halla Steinunn Stefansdottir, Nguyen Thanh Thuy, Henrik Frisk, Stefan Östersjö
14 May 2017 - 23 May 2017
In May, Inter Arts Center and the Malmö Academy of Music are visited by Luong Hue Trinh, an important voice on the electronic music scene in Hanoi, who will be working with members of The Six Tones and PhD students in the program for artistic research. This is her first visit to Sweden. The program on May 16 holds versions of a composition for recitation and instruments by Henrik Frisk featuring Nguyen Thanh Thuy.
Installations at IAC during Intonal
Anne de Vries, Christian Skjødt, Mark Fell , Hassan Khan
28 April 2017 - 5 May 2017
The installation programme has become more integrated and prioritized in the Intonal programme. For the third edition of Intonal we happy and proud to be able to present four installations with Anne de Vries, Christian Skjødt, Mark Fell and Hassan Khan.

In the Black Room we present Anne de Vries’ video Critical Mass: Pure Immanence. In the Annex on the third floor, Christian Skjødt is developing a new installation piece during his two months residency at IAC, through the Make Sound programme. Mark Fell was in residency at IAC in the Fall of 2016, and is also developing a new installation, for the White Room. And last but not least Hassan Khan is putting together two installations in one, outside the entrance to IAC and the Mazetti House, a light and sound/clapping piece.
Third edition of Intonal
Holly Herndon, Toresch , Lena Williken, Beatrice Dillon, Ghédalia Tazartès, Grouper, William Basinski
27 April 2017 - 30 April 2017
For the third consecutive year, Inkonst and Inter Arts Center present Intonal festival in partner-ship with CTM and Unsound. As ever, Intonal celebrates musical expressions off the beaten track – from exciting journeys into sound to experimental club music and energetic live perfor-mances. And artist talks, screenings and video and sound installations are integrated even deeper into the festival program this year.

The festival has been broadened even further this year, both in terms of developing the actual programme and taking on the city of Malmö itself. The heart of Intonal will of course be Inkonst and IAC but we’ll also branch out towards Värnhemstorget to the east and the Pildamms Park to the west, where a graceful church and a former water tower respectively will serve as tempo-rary venues for the festival, linking old architecture with new music.
Oceanic
Julia Giertz , Marie Topp
24 April 2017 - 26 April 2017
In Topp and Giertz coming research “Oceanic” the focus will be on the notion of the Voice, and in this case the Female Voice. Our interest for the female voice started when we realized that we ourselves carry a great prejudice against the female voice. By cultural programmed instinct, we tend to cringe when a woman speaks in public. There exists a problematic idea that the female voice easily gets too piercing, too shrill.

In “Kropslig kunst” the Danish academic U. A. Jørgensen presents the idea that when a woman speaks, what she says is filtered through her female body, but when a man speaks he is speaking on behalf of the universe. The female voice then, is often found to represent the specific subjectivity of the woman who is speaking, whereas only the male voice can carry an objective message.

Following this train of thought there is a general scepticism against the female voice inscribed into our culture, in every single one of us, embedded in our own bodies. We wish to explore this issue through a collaborative choreographic and sonic practice.



Christian Skjødt
Christian Skjødt
1 March 2017 - 30 April 2017
Artist and composer Christian Skjødt has been awarded a two-month stay at the IAC in the spring of 2017, where he will have the opportunity to further develop his artistic work dealing with phenomenological studies manifested as sound installations.

In the end of his residency he will present a new sound installation at Intonal Festival in April.
Ndikhumbule Ngqinambi
Ndikhumbule Ngqinambi
8 February 2017 - 13 April 2017
Ndikhumbule Nqginambi is holding a IASPIS grant as the guest of Malmö Art Academy, February to April.

Ndikhumbule Ngqinambi’s dazzling landscapes are restless beings.They seem to rumble with the weight of a charging army, or the resonance of a thunderous sky. They are things in motion, the gestures captured within them always moving, departed but not yet arrived, running and tumbling in a vast no man’s land between past and present, dreams and reality, promises and disappointments.
WeLog
Lovisa Perman, Robin N Spegel, Annelie Horáková Eriksson
13 February 2017 - 3 April 2017
WeLog is a project created by Lovisa Perman, Robin N Spegel and Annelie Horáková Eriksson. It explores how to make performing arts available for an audience through both a physical experience and an online-experience at the same time. Our performance explores the theme of identity through different perspectives, packaged in three episodes, 30 minutes long each. The episodes are live edited and live streamed to youtube in the form of v-logs (video blogs).
Bombina Bombast
Emma Bexell, Stefan Stanisic
9 January 2017 - 5 March 2017
Bombina Bombast are continuing their residency at IAC in the spring of 2017. The focus is to explore the performative uses of virtual reality technologies and the radical potential of VR to present perspectives and narratives where audience agency and embodiment are unconditional parts of the storytelling. The aim is to develop methods for the artistic process with focus on diversity in representation, and explore audience experience.
RA, or re: the Whole
Hanni Kamaly
1 November 2016 - 31 December 2016
“RA, or re: the whole” is a project centred around the confrontation of the self and the Other, by introducing the object as interchangeable of either elements and as the border between the two. The object is given a narrative that playfully oscillates between historical and fictional representations while constructing a physical concept of humanisation.
Blind Spots
Woodpecker Projects
17 September 2015 - 17 September 2015
In light of the current situation where an increasingly heated political climate is shaping the rhetoric and discussion concerning migrants and refugees – we wish to investigate the agency of art and artists working with these matters or within related fields.

The symposium Blind Spots will explore a number of different artistic practices operating in a social and political context over two days. In order to expand the critical perspectives, practitioners and institutions in the Oresund region as well as transnational agents are invited to contribute with their perspectives in relation to art and migration. The focus will be on questions concerning inclusion/exclusion, activism/art, empowerment/representation and the artist's role when working in political contexts. The symposium is also an opportunity to meet and exchange ideas with practitioners in the field of art dealing with migration through different approaches.

The symposium is organized by Woodpecker Projects and artist Maj Hasager in collaboration with Inter Arts Center and Malmö Konstmuseum.
Polifonia Liquida
Alessandro Perini
26 September 2015 - 26 September 2015
The work involves a series of 8 independent audiovisual systems (arranged as two groups of three and five), each one composed of a sound actuator (a contact speaker capable of inducing vibration into surfaces) and a point light source that passes through a water-filled plexi plate and projects the vibration-induced shape modifications of the water surface on the wall.
LEIF HOLMSTRAND´S ONE YEAR RESIDENCY
Leif Holmstrand
9 December 2015 - 15 December 2015
About a year ago Leif Holmstrand was invited to do a one-year residency at IAC. There were no plans or fixed expectations, other than the expectation of endless possibilities, of artistic adventures and experiments. During the year Leif Holmstrand has intervened in IAC newly renovated and sterile environment with his garbage installations, an organic text/newspaper wall piece, readings, performances and generously curated a video programme at our entrance. But before we end our formal residential collaboration, we hope you will join us for a last event – a happening, installation and book release, that somehow wraps up Holmstrands activities of the past year here.
Shut Up ‘N’ Play!
Stefan Östersjö, Kent Olofsson
6 November 2002 - 14 October 2010
'SHUT UP 'N' PLAY! Negotiating the Musical Work' is a piece of artistic research that attempts to merge artistic practice, qualitative research methods and critical analysis in a project concerned with contemporary performance practices, and specifically how these practices are created and transmitted in the interaction between composer and performer.
Acousmatic Lab
Carina Ehrenholm, Jörgen Dahlqvist, Katt Hernandez, Sten-Olof Hellström, Liv Kaastrup Vesterskov, Mats Lindström , Fabio Monni , Nguyễn Thanh Thủy, Lise-Lotte Norelius , Kent Olofsson, Alessandro Perini , Jakob Riis, Ann Rosén, Jörgen Teller
2 January 2017 - 31 January 2017
Acousmatic Lab is a month-long event with concerts, seminars, workshops and development work on the art of sound diffusion. It will all take place in the White Room at IAC where an Acousmonium – a loudspeaker orchestra of 40 speakers – will be set up.
ARVTRYK
IKI, Åkervinda, Katrine Hoffmann, Maria Sloth, Liv Kaastrup Vesterskov
3 December 2016 - 3 December 2016
ARVTRYK is a collaboration between two nordic vocal ensembles IKI and Åkervinda, as well the design duo Katrine Hoffmann & Maria Sloth and stagedirector Liv Kaastrup Vesterskov.

The resulting 10-voice choral performance and experimental visual universe come together to embrace and explore the mystical, dark and sometimes dissonant vibrations that linger beneath the neat and polished nordic surface.
The Nymphs are Departed
Martine Flor
15 December 2016 - 18 December 2016
The Nymphs are Departed (A Material Molt) is a performative installation, made in-situ, concerning the fine line between creation and destruction, a body in crisis and a need for a precarious reinvention of issues regarding body, nature and identity. A Nymph is a both a mythical free-spirited female figure who animates nature, often the watery element, as well as a concept in biology describing a pre-molting stage, when some creatures, in particular insects and reptiles, are shedding skin or exoskeletons in order to grow.
Chorus
Rune Søchting, Kristoffer Akselbo
1 March 2017 - 31 March 2017
Chorus is a process-based artwork that includes elements of performance and installation. The project explores an idea of the statue as a social and processual phenomenon determined by the individuals that relate to it.

The project presents different voices that are oriented towards the statue as a possibility. Among them is a choir similar to the one found in the antique tragic drama. Through an ongoing work at the IAC the project aims to develop an impersonal voice of a contemporary choir and through that a possible statue.

The project concludes with an event on March 31, but one can encounter elements of the artwork throughout the project period at the IAC.
Thanatos
Martina Tomner , Ida Höög
28 November 2016 - 4 December 2016
From late November Martina Tomner and Ida Höög will be at IAC working on the project Thanatos, an experimental chamber music drama exploring the dark side of the human psyche - aggression, destructive urges, everything that is popularly referred to as “evil”. The performance involves four musicians, each of whom will be playing a theatrical role and expressing their character through music and movement on stage. The music is partly precomposed by Martina Tomner, and partly improvised based on instructions given by the composer.

Thanatos will be performed on 3-4. December 18.00



The Enchanters
Elin Maria Johansson, Etta Säfve, Jona Elfdahl
24 November 2016 - 26 November 2016
The Enchanters is a joint project between Elin Maria Johansson, Etta Säfve and Jona Elfdahl.

The work is a part of their on-going collaborations and research in which they let the mythical and poetic raise questions of our contemporary society. Through fictive caracters, scenic installations, film, soundwalks, propagation of myths and events their practice explores themes such as human isolation, our relation to nature and the perishable, our relation to each other, control, communication, social structures and longings.
Virtual Reality/Artistic Research
Inter Arts Center, Humlab, Lund University, K3, Malmö University, Bombina Bombast, Makropol, Gibson/Martelli
7 November 2016 - 8 November 2016
Virtual Reality continues to entrance.

With hardware and software and becoming more affordable and easier to use, VR is once again capturing the imagination of artists. It is both a tool and environment potentially offering a wide range of experiences not just for one body but also for a collective. The potential for empathy, dislocation and shared sensory experience is rich for artistic work but the technology tends to be directed towards the consumer electronics market and ever more ‘intimate’ and targeted advertising. Approaching VR artistically is therefore not just one of creation but of critique – of commercial interest and of the purely technological motivated concepts. We need to ask ourselves why VR. What possibilities lay in the VR technology for artists and researchers and how does this contribute with new formats and ideas around the artistic work with audience, participants, archives/history and places …
Axel Straschnoy
Axel Straschnoy
14 October 2016 - 29 October 2016
Neomylodon Listai Ameghino is traveling exhibition and a project raising questions around science, knowledge, collections, and cultures of display. It travels currently between the museums that hold specimens from an extinct species found in a cave in southern Patagonia. It has started in Galleria Augusta in Helsinki in May 2015 and continued to Uppsala’s Evolutionsmuseet in September. It will be on exhibition at Inter Arts Center and from where it will travel to collections in Berlin, London, and La Plata.
Mark Fell
Mark Fell
3 October 2016 - 24 October 2016
Artist-in-residency Mark Fell is a multidisciplinary artist known for exploring the relationships between popular music styles, such as electronica and club music, and typically academic approaches to computer-based composition with a particular emphasis on algorithmic and mathematical systems.
Erik Dæhlin
Erik Dæhlin
11 October 2016 - 14 October 2016
Artist-in-residence Erik Dæhlin is a composer and also artistic research fellow at the Norwegian Academy of Music. Dæhlin is particularly concerned with instrumental- and music theater – musical forms that integrates different kinds of performative material, that unfolds in and beyond the music and in context to the performance space. By himself seen as different hybrid art works, where he compose and devise with musical, visual and textual material making conglomerate forms of sound based art.
Transistor 2
iac, teatr weimar, nyxxx, insite, malmö dockteater, kastratet, bombina bombast, participating artists , malmö theatre academy, folkets bio, sveriges radio drama
9 October 2016 - 13 November 2016
The festival is concerned with experimental performing arts and the expansion of narratives for the theatre. Transistor 2 runs for over a month and presents performances, hörspiel, performance lectures, sound and video art. Transistor is focusing on building a long term infrastructure of experimental performing arts. This edition’s theme is old forms and new formats, where the performances suggests ways of narration that transcends the theatre stage.
Fall Programme
Inter Arts Center
1 September 2016 - 31 December 2016
Fall Programme
Malmö Gallery Night
Andreas Amble, Emma Bexell & Stefan Stanisic (Bombina Bombast), Sofia Härdig, Robert Aiki Aubrey Lowe, Maria Norrman, Alessandro Perini, Liv Kaastrup Vesterskov & Fabio Monni
24 September 2016 - 24 September 2016
Open house with exhibition, performance, concert, audio drama, VR experience, installation and video.
Acting Evil
Maria Norrman
24 September 2016 - 24 September 2016
The work consists of two images projected next to each other. One side shows video images of actors playing Hitler, and the other, running parallell, displays texts showing their feelings regarding the role. They express an ambiguity around the subject matter, a curiosity mixed with feelings of horror, and sometimes, guilt.
Misheardpedia
Alessandro Perini
24 September 2016 - 24 September 2016
Misheardpedia is a misheard version of Wikipedia. Wikipedia is the world's most famous archive of knowledge and, in a way, a description of our world; but it relies on quantity and not on quality. We know it contains errors, partial interpretations, unverified information and so on, but still it's our first help when we want to retrieve some knowledge. We trust and hope that what we are reading is a precise, exhaustive and objective analysis of reality.
Live Sentences
Sofia Härdig
24 September 2016 - 24 September 2016
The context of this performance is very simple. One person and a microphone. The performer crosses the border of the black walls and puts herself in the room calling directly to the audience. Is the voice an instrument, a call for help, is it private, social, excluding, including, communicating? And finally what is perfect?
Babettes gæstebud
Liv Kaastrup Vesterskov, Fabio Monni
24 September 2016 - 24 September 2016
A live staged sound-drama installation of several scenes that mirror a full course dinner. The sound installation portrays the soundscape of a group of people sitting around a table and dining together in complete silence. The only audible sounds are the ones of the actual eating (body sounds) and the ones of the used objects such as cutleries etc. The shift between dramatic 'realistic' soundscapes and more abstract 'not human' ones will be Liv Kaastrup Vesterskov and Fabio Monni's attempt to create a balance between storytelling and a purely sonic experience.
That House is an Odd Fellow
Andreas Amble
16 September 2016 - 2 October 2016
A series of impossible translations, in this rich flora of materials, techniques, mediums and genres Andreas Amble investigates while building a landscape of impossibilities, home among the contradictions so evidently there in our closets surroundings, but hard to reach.